From: St Osmunds
180 children are currently held in the prisons of Madagascar accused of stealing vanilla. They are often held in appalling conditions for years without a proper trial. Many children around the world suffer a similar fate. In Madagascar, selling vanilla is a trading policy, it sells for at least $150 in exporting markets . Stealing vanilla is a highly common crime there. It is a big business for the African island, an expensive commodity and people will try to get hold of it and sell it to make some more money for their often very poor families. Children are suffering a great deal in Madagascar just for stealing something as small as vanilla. The prison conditions there are abysmal. All these children have are concrete beds without mattresses and all are confined to tiny cells, cramped together. They are prisoners alongside 2000 other adults, many of whom have committed really big crimes and the prisons are only meant to hold 280 prisoners. Some haven't seen their mums in years because their families are very poor and can't travel to the prison. A BBC investigation dated 1st October 2019, found out that many of these children can spend more than 3 years in prison for that theft without even a trial. And when they go to trial, most of them don't even get a lawyer to defend them. In prison, they are miserable, dirty and only get one meal a day and no-one to care for them when they fall ill. Those are only some of the many children being held in prisons across the globe, children in Iraq are being punished because of things their parents did , Palestinian children have been captured and are being put into Iran's prisons for doing nothing more than protesting against grown up politics.  Innocent children everywhere are suffering in terrible conditions, they only have each other to rely on. According to the latest figures from Human Rights Watch and the UN's Child Fund, UNICEF, an estimated 1 million children are behind bars around the world today. In my eyes, it's  wrong to send children to jail at such young ages, in such poor living spaces. Human wrights groups are protesting against this but people in power just won't listen ! By Zandile Photo Cred : Getty Images
From: St Osmunds
Gina Miller is a MP (Member of Parliament ) who is under police protection for being threatened to death for speaking up against Boris Johnson and the way Brexit is being conducted.  But she has now won two major victories in court for standing up for what she felt was right and lawful. In September 2017 the Supreme Court ruled in favour of giving MPs a say over triggering Article 50 - the legal mechanism taking the UK out of the EU. A case Gina Miller had fought for. She was sent a lot of messages including many death threats. She has two children who go to school and now their school has also got police surveying the area in case those blackmailing her go after her children too. She persevered in standing up for what she felt was right and won a second time when the Supreme Court ruled that our Prime Minister's decision to suspend Parliament during a time of crisis was unlawful. Gina Miller is now getting a lot of positive press for standing up against the bullies and never giving up. Those who wrote the mails blackmailing her wouldn't be able to get to her without getting caught and having the police after them (if they actually meant it). A majority feels that all these threats are wrong and must be punished. In July 2017, Rhodi Philipps, a man who abused her online was arrested and jailed. He was sentenced to 12 weeks in prison for using ''extreme racial abuse '' at Gina and offering huge amounts of money to someone who could hunt her down and assassinate her. In Gina Miller's memoirs she has written "As a child of the commonwealth, I had been brought up to believe Great Britain was a promised land, a culture where the law was embedded in the national fabric. '' After the ruling by the Supreme Court Mrs Miller told reporters the ruling showed the government "will push the law, they will push the constitution and they will even bend it to get their own way". She was named as Britains' most influential black person and is a real role model. by Eve Photo Credit : AFP
From: St Osmunds
BREAKING NEWS ! On  Tuesday 24th September the Supreme Court ruled that our Prime Minister Boris Johnson's decision to suspend Parliament for five weeks was unlawful. This was a unanimous verdict and as we go to press, no one knows what will happen next. All we know is that Mr Johnson is flying back early from a UN summit in New York and parliament has now been re-opened. When he was in New York, the PM gave a speech saying he "refused to be deterred" from getting on with "an exciting and dynamic domestic agenda", and to do that he would need a Queen's Speech. The BBC reported that the PM said he "profoundly disagreed" with the ruling but would "respect" it. There have been calls for him to resign.  But as this is a completely historic moment, we have no idea what will happen in the upcoming days and weeks. Could there be a new election? Will Brexit happen on 31st October? Watch this space, as this exciting story unfolds.   By Maria and Elise
From: St Osmunds
Wa Lone, 33, and Kywan Soe Oo, 29, both award-winning journalists, have been released from a jail on the outskirts of Yangon, Myanmar in May after a sentence from the Official Secrets Agency in September 2017. The pair were released early, due to the amount of public protests and accusations about the country's reason for the supposedly "unjust" sentence. They spent over 500 days in prison. The pair was originally accused of "violating the country's Official Secrets Act" and were sentenced to nine years in jail. However, their imprisonment was seen as an "assault on press freedom" and many started questioning Myanmar's democracy. As the pair departed from the prison, Wa Lone vowed to continue his reporting and said that he was excited to return to work at the international news agency. "I am really happy and excited to see my family and colleagues again. I can't wait to go to my newsroom," he told reporters. Both journalists have families with young children. Wa Lone's wife only discovered that she was pregnant days after her husband's arrest. Wa Lone has only seen his daughter a few times on her visits to prison. Reuters' editor-in-chief said the reporters - who last month won the Pulitzer Prize for their work - had become "symbols" of press freedom. "We are enormously pleased Myanmar has released our courageous reporters," Stephen J Adler said. The journalist's case has been widely seen as a test of press freedom in Myanmar and the former political prisoner,  Aung San Su Kyi, has been ridiculed for defending the jailing of both journalists. Both men's families are over - joyed to have them home and despite some of their fears about the pair continuing reporting, they told the BBC that they are never going to stop supporting their newly - returned family members. More than 250 journalists are behind bars across the world, because of restrictions on freedom of expression and freedom of press. Turkey, for the second year running,  has been named the worst jailer with 68 journalists imprisoned. China came second with 47 while Egypt came third with 25. It is the journalist's role to tell the truth of what is happening to the world - and by exposing that truth, to hold power to account. But what if the risks of imprisonment (or worse) become too high?  
UK
From: Barnes
On the 23rd of March 2019, an estimated one million people went on a march from Park Lane to Parliament Square. The march was in protest against Brexit and many were calling for a second referendum.  Many people, whether they voted leave or remain, were disappointed with Theresa May's deal and are seeking an alternative. People were chanting: "What do we want?  People's vote"!  "When do we want it?  Now"!  There were many signs and slogans expressing people's views. People were standing on lampposts with massive posters. There was music and even a marching band playing a range of songs including Dancing Queen by Abba. The march lasted over six hours and some people had to wait four hours just to start moving.  Meanwhile, a record breaking online petition on Parliament's website called for article 50 to be revoked with 5.7 million signatures. Many people hope that the march  and petition will help persuade the government to hold a second referendum.
From: St Osmunds
After a difficult year for Britain, with so much news coverage devoted to Brexit, it was a nice relief to see some positive news in the form of the birth of Baby Sussex (who's now known as Archie). He is the son of Prince Harry and his wife Meghan, and was born at 5:26 on the 6th May in London's Portland Hospital. His full name is Archie Harrison Mountbatten - Windsor. The couple shared the news on Instagram with an image of Queen Elizabeth and Megan's mother Doria Ragland, meeting their newest great - grandson. BBC royal correspondent Jonny Dymond said there was a "strong indication" that Archie won't be brought up as a formal 'royal'. Harry and Meghan Markle have made it very clear  that they plan to break tradition and raise their son away from the spotlight, so as to give him the most ‘normal’ upbringing possible, possibly even in South Africa, where Harry's uncle, the Earl of Spencer, lives.  
From: Barnes
After fourteen days of trying to find the new Prime Minister,we are now down to the last two candidates. With seventy-five points is Michael Gove. With seventy-seven points is Jeremy Hunt and with a whopping one hundred and sixty points is Boris Johnson. Sadly for Mr.Gove,he is now eliminated from the contest between the politicians. Although Mr.Johnson is in the lead, he is in a bad position because of the following: -His neighbor called the police because of the shouting coming from his house -It was evident that he forgot the name of the Muslim person during his argument All in all,the situation we are in as a country looks very unpredictable.
From: Barnes
Since 2016, two Prime Ministers have resigned due to pressure from Brexit. Both Theresa May and David Cameron, after three years of debates and votes, stepped down from this role. Boris Johnson and Jeremy Hunt are currently in the race to become the next Prime Minister. The United Kingdom is scheduled to leave the European Union on the 31st of October (Halloween). Until then, there will most likely be many votes in Parliament over issues such as the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland and international trade agreements. In one month, we will find out who will win the race to become the next Prime Minister and who will lead the United Kingdom through Brexit - if they have not resigned by then?! Who do you think the next Prime Minister will be: Johnson or Hunt?
From: St Osmunds
In late September 2019, a tiny Fiordland penguin washed up on a beach in Victoria, 170 kilometres west of Melbourne, Australia. It had swam all the way from the South Island of New Zealand. Scientists found it struggling by some rocks well underweight. The penguin has now regained its species usual 3.5kg weight in his time at Melbourne Zoo. The Fiordland penguin swam 2500 kilometres before arriving in the shallows of Kennett River. To gain his muscles back, they released him into water, at first just a bathtub but gradually a swimming pool. This feat is unusual as penguins of his kind rarely leave the island by more than 150 kilometres. It is now ready to complete its 2500 kilometre journey home. Scientists have micro chipped him so that they can find out if it returns successfully. "We are hoping that this penguin will get home and breed." Dr Michael Lynch, a zoologist working at Melbourne Zoo, told the Guardian Newspaper. The scientists in charge of restoring his normal weight claimed that he ate 20 to 25 percent of his own bodyweight. After eight weeks, it will finally be released back into the wild. It has now been taken to Phillip Island National Parks to build up its muscle strength in larger pools. By : Charlie  
From: Barnes
Scientists at the Humboldt University of Berlin have discovered that rats love to play hide and seek. The adorable little rodents were taught to play the game by scientists. The rats are rewarded with tickles and treats. Sometimes, the rats would continue playing the game for fun when no reward was involved! They gave a leap of joy and giggled when they found the human or were caught by one. They have learnt how to play the game and memorise where the human hid last time. They scamper there first the next time. In conclusion, I think that having a rat as a pet would be awesome!
From: Barnes
The world is feeling outraged as the largest rainforest on the planet is ruthlessly burned away for the selfish reasons the country's president Jair Bolsonaro uses as excuses. "Brazil is one of the best countries in the world at protecting its own environment and fires are not destroying the Amazon rainforest" claims the controversial ruler of Brazil. However, according to the hundreds of thousands protesting in the streets of Rio de Janeiro, and all across the world, this decision is a world crisis. The fires were discovered when Brazil's space agency revealed that burning of the Amazon has raced up by 84% since 2018. The Basin of the Amazon (60% of which is in Brazil) is the most biodiverse place in the world, on land but also in the water. There are more than 3,000 fish species  living in the Amazon's unexplored waters and scientists predict that many more are yet to be discovered. If this unnatural disaster carries on, a collapse of the Amazon ecosystem may be to come. The fires are not only in Brazil though, these destructive flames are spreading all across South America in Bolivia, Peru, Venezuela and Paraguay. In fact, these fires are so large, leaders across the world are reaching out for support to encourage the Brazilian government to stop the terrible flames. Will you campaign to stop the world's largest rainforest burning?
From: Barnes
Britain's Got Talent auditions. Britain’s Got Talent viewers were left “sobbing”after the story of PC Dave Wardell and his everlasting friend(a retired police dog) who was stabbed saving his loving owner's life when a criminal attacked him. Audience members were left to weep as the officer explained how the service animal was stabbed with a 10-inch blade after he jumped between Mr Wardell and the offender swiping a knife. Finn suffered stab wounds to the chest and head but did not surrender until reinforcements arrived. People wonder why the policeman brought up the heart-sinking story. Was it to gain sympathy from the judges?Was it to acquire extra points from the audience? In the end, the crime fighting duo battled their way through to the final but sadly did not win. In conclusion, people still remember them as winners.We should all be grateful for all the police force do to protect us  
From: Barnes
It’s not unusual for families to assume a child's personality long before the baby can even protest. To this day, many parents want to know the gender of their baby before it is born, as their rooms are often painted pink or blue, and  clothing and toys is purchased as well: princess dresses and tiaras for girls, blue dungarees and dinosaurs for boys. Whatever toys we use or clothes we wear, our baby and toddler years of life are important in the development of our personalities, supporting us through teenage years and even adulthood. Assigning gender has a powerful influence on our view of ourselves, our future hopes and our personal opinions of other items such as makeup or football. Fortunately, times are changing, and our generation are living in times when genders are becoming less restrictive, giving children the right to, for example, wear different clothes or play with different toys. Helping with this step up are Mattel, who just released a set of customizable gender neutral dolls. Unfortunately, the opinion of them is controversial. While some welcome 'the dolls of the future', others think that we should stick with barbies. "The only females in our house are mom, our dog Sadie and our cat, Bell.  That means we don’t have any dolls.  There are lots of balls and trucks and cars and Nerf guns scattered throughout the house and the yard.  When it comes to our kids' understanding gender issues, I want them to understand that gender is a matter of creation, not preference.  Human beings are created, and we are created as male or female.' Todd E. Brady is vice president for university ministries at Union University.
From: Barnes
After the inspirational Marvel writer, Stan Lee, died, Marvel fans were in tears but they would have had to shed more tears when the smartest of the avengers -Iron Man- passed away in probably the most successful Marvel film - End Game. Before it had even been shown, pre-booking meant profit was already six hundred million dollars. I think you get how much money the film's makers will profited in the end. It is a shame that Stan Lee couldn't watch his 4th Avengers film but after watching the film, I am pretty sure he will go down in history. If you have not watched End Game please do not read on! Theories have spread and the world of youtube is loaded with thoughts on the films. Iron man is dead, Spider man Far from Home is coming and  Black Widow risked her life for Hawkeye and sadly, died. Although the film sounds like the end of the Marvel Cinematic Universe, it really isn't. There's so much news I haven't  told you about and there's so much for marvel fans in the world to find out.
From: Barnes
Judith Kerr, the author and illustrator whose original story The Tiger Who Came to Tea introduced generations of pre-school children to reading and  enjoying books, has died at home at the age of 95. Her publisher said she'd had a short illness. Kerr, who dreamed up the tiger to amuse her two children, only started publishing in her 40s, and lived to see the book reach its millionth sale as she turned 94. Over a 50-year career she published more than 30 further books, immortalising a succession of family cats through the naughty but lovable Mog, and bringing to life her family’s flight across Europe as the Nazis came to power in the novel When Hitler Stole Pink Rabbit. 
From: Barnes
On the 7th of February, this year, a rover that will land on Mars, was named after historic scientist Rosalind Franklin. The rover is an a unmanned ship that will look deeper into life on Mars. The European Space Agency (ESA) has named it after her for the fascinating research that she did on the human body. Rosalind Franklin was born on the 25th of July, 1920, in Notting Hill, in London. From a young age, she knew she wanted to be a scientist. Her father discouraged the idea as in that time, it wasn't acceptable for a woman to have that type of career. She was extremely intelligent and went to study at St Paul's Girls school and the University of Cambridge (where she earned a Ph.D in physical chemistry). Her research and the work of James Watson and Francis Crick, led to the discovery of the DNA double helix. Because of this, she has become extremely famous, therefore having a rover named after her in her honour. The Exomars will be an incredible rover which will be searching for any signs, or hope, of life on Mars. The Rosalind Franklin will be different to any other rover before as it will be able to combine the capability to roam around the red planet as well as study beneath the surface. Hopefully it will find a droplet of water or some bacteria that will show that we are able to survive on Mars. British engineers are hoping to have the finished rover ready by July. This is an amazing breakthrough with both engineering and science.        
From: Barnes
On the 3rd of May, it was Word Press Freedom Day. Around the world, hundreds of journalists are imprisoned for writing stories. The highest number is in Turkey. Zehra Doğan, a Kurdish journalist and painter, was taken to court and sentenced to be in prison for nearly three years for doing artwork of the Turkish military forces destroying Nusaybin,Turkey. Luckily, her story gained worldwide attention in 2018 after others drew a mural calling for her release. In jail, Zehra secretly published a newspaper and created materials to paint. Now released, she is determined to continue sharing stories and drawing pictures. Doğan is an artist and journalist from Diyarbakir, Turkey. She is the founder and editor of Jinha, a unique Kurdish news site with a female-only staff. In a now deleted tweet, Doğan wrote, “I was given two years and 10 months in prison only because I painted Turkish flags on destroyed buildings. However, the Turkish government caused this. I only painted it.” She also wrote,“This painting was worth my time in prison because I managed to show the reality of  Nusaybin.” Since her release, lots of twitter users have shown their friendship accompanied by hashtags like #TurkeyCrackdown, #TerroristTurkey, and #FreeTurkeyMedia.
From: Barnes
The list of the richest people in the world has been published.  At the bottom of the list is Lee Shau Kee who is the co-founder of Sun Hung Kai, a successful property development company. He grew up in a very poor family, but today he is worth over $30 billion.  Next is Li Ka-Shing, who is one of the most influential businessmen in Asia and is the current chairman of CK Hutchison Holdings and CK Asset Holdings. However, he plans to step down from the position this year. As of March 2019, Li Ka-Shing’s net worth is roughly $32.7 billion. The American businessman, Sheldon Adelson, is the CEO of Las Vegas Sands Corporation and he is worth $35.4 billion. Although these people may sound rich, they are at the bottom of the list of the richest people. The richest person used to be Jeff Bezos - founder of Amazon - but now it is the famous Mark Zuckerberg, founder of Facebook.
From: St Osmunds
In November 2017 a study was published about a star explosion normally known as a super nova that came back to life. It was called LP 40-365 and puzzled scientists. Not all stars explode but those with a mass 8 times those of the sun do so over time. Never had they known one to come back to like. But in July 2019, Scientists observed another 3 such Zombie Stars. Their research has been published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. So what is so special about these nova? Usually a super nova reaches its peak brightness then fades in about 100 days but those IPTF14HLS  super nova have been around for at least 2 years and instead of gradually fading they became brighter in 200 and 400 days. Way back in 1954 researchers spotted some other zombie stars in the same area, but nothing much was done about understanding them. If it turns out to be part of the same super nova then theses zombies would have been exploding and coming back to like for around  60 years and are probably 30 times the mass of our sun. These stars would have undergone a change into rapid tuning neutron stars called magnetars.  Another theory is that the exploding stars had 100 X mass more than the earth's sun meaning that these types of stars are still being made today proving that not all novas have reached their brightness peak. Whoa this is crazy but amazing. By Santiago
From: Barnes
The lake in Melbourne's Westgate Park (which is a man made lake) has naturally turned incredibly bright pink in the recent weeks.The lake has become a tourist attraction for all and has apparently become a hit on Instagram (great for getting likes).  Since 2013, the lake's environmental conditions have produced a red pigment called beto carotene which give the water a pink hue. The vivid color  is being produced by sunlight which causes warm temperatures and low rainfall. Tourists flock to the area and some visitors bizarrely dress up to help their photos to look better against the pink background.  
From: Barnes
Sadly a girl has died very recently after already having a problem with her lungs. Ella Kissi-Debrah was nine when she died on 4th July 2018. She died because of an asthma attack which her family and scientists believe had something to do with pollution. Videos show she already had problems with her breathing. Ella was shown in a video after getting out of a swimming pool. She was really struggling and was breathing very heavily. She was also breathing in pollution when ever she went out. An inquest is going to be held to decide if the pollution was to blame. I feel sorry for Ella because her tragic death wasn't even her fault. Pollution isn't a new problem. A long time ago, in the Victorian times, the streets of London were filled with air pollution known as smog.
From: Barnes
Now we're just waiting for the final. The semi finals saw Netherland's win 1-0 against Sweden. The goal was in the 99 minute{in extra time} by Groenen! England went out 1-2 against the favourites USA. Carly Press made it one nil to USA. Nine minutes later Ellen White made it one all. Then Alex Morgan made it 2-1.England had a goal disallowed and missed a penalty in the eighty second minute but had their heads held high. Sadly they couldn't win the third place play off against Sweden. Earlier,the USA's group was decided with the table set like this.1.USA 2.Sweden 3.Chile 4.Thailand and the fixtures go like this.  USA 13-0 Thailand and Sweden 2-0 Chile.Match Day 2. Sweden 5-1 Thailand and USA 3-0 Chile.Match day 3.USA 2-0 Sweden and Chile 2-o Thailand. Round of 16.Sweden 1-o Canada and USA 2-1 Spain.Thailand and Chile are out. My school did a World Cup draw and my class got Australia and Netherlands. With the Netherlands in the final we still have hope.  
From: Barnes
Arsenal  have confirmed  a signing from Barcelona of the 25 year old midfielder Dennis Suarez. Suarez is on loan at Arsenal until June 2021. He played for Barca 71 times since joining  in 2013. He has has already played under Unai Emery at Sevilla when he was  at the club on loan. Dennis played for Man City as a teenager but he only made two first-club appearances before being sold to Barcelona at the age of 19.
From: Barnes
Mercedes Lewis Hamilton 44 Valterie Bottas 77 Ferrari Sebastian Vettel 5 Charles Leclerc 16 Red Bull Max Verstappen 33 Pierre Gasly 10 Renault Nico Hulkenburg 27 Danial Riccardo 3 Haas Romain Grosjean Kevin Maggnussen Maclaren Carlos Sainz Lando Norris Force India Sergio Perez Lance Stroll# Alfa Romeo Racing Kimi Raikkonen Amtonia Geovinessi Toro Rosso Daniil Kvyat Alaxander Albon Williams Robert Kubica George Russell