From: St Osmunds
180 children are currently held in the prisons of Madagascar accused of stealing vanilla. They are often held in appalling conditions for years without a proper trial. Many children around the world suffer a similar fate. In Madagascar, selling vanilla is a trading policy, it sells for at least $150 in exporting markets . Stealing vanilla is a highly common crime there. It is a big business for the African island, an expensive commodity and people will try to get hold of it and sell it to make some more money for their often very poor families. Children are suffering a great deal in Madagascar just for stealing something as small as vanilla. The prison conditions there are abysmal. All these children have are concrete beds without mattresses and all are confined to tiny cells, cramped together. They are prisoners alongside 2000 other adults, many of whom have committed really big crimes and the prisons are only meant to hold 280 prisoners. Some haven't seen their mums in years because their families are very poor and can't travel to the prison. A BBC investigation dated 1st October 2019, found out that many of these children can spend more than 3 years in prison for that theft without even a trial. And when they go to trial, most of them don't even get a lawyer to defend them. In prison, they are miserable, dirty and only get one meal a day and no-one to care for them when they fall ill. Those are only some of the many children being held in prisons across the globe, children in Iraq are being punished because of things their parents did , Palestinian children have been captured and are being put into Iran's prisons for doing nothing more than protesting against grown up politics.  Innocent children everywhere are suffering in terrible conditions, they only have each other to rely on. According to the latest figures from Human Rights Watch and the UN's Child Fund, UNICEF, an estimated 1 million children are behind bars around the world today. In my eyes, it's  wrong to send children to jail at such young ages, in such poor living spaces. Human wrights groups are protesting against this but people in power just won't listen ! By Zandile Photo Cred : Getty Images
From: St Osmunds
Gina Miller is a MP (Member of Parliament ) who is under police protection for being threatened to death for speaking up against Boris Johnson and the way Brexit is being conducted.  But she has now won two major victories in court for standing up for what she felt was right and lawful. In September 2017 the Supreme Court ruled in favour of giving MPs a say over triggering Article 50 - the legal mechanism taking the UK out of the EU. A case Gina Miller had fought for. She was sent a lot of messages including many death threats. She has two children who go to school and now their school has also got police surveying the area in case those blackmailing her go after her children too. She persevered in standing up for what she felt was right and won a second time when the Supreme Court ruled that our Prime Minister's decision to suspend Parliament during a time of crisis was unlawful. Gina Miller is now getting a lot of positive press for standing up against the bullies and never giving up. Those who wrote the mails blackmailing her wouldn't be able to get to her without getting caught and having the police after them (if they actually meant it). A majority feels that all these threats are wrong and must be punished. In July 2017, Rhodi Philipps, a man who abused her online was arrested and jailed. He was sentenced to 12 weeks in prison for using ''extreme racial abuse '' at Gina and offering huge amounts of money to someone who could hunt her down and assassinate her. In Gina Miller's memoirs she has written "As a child of the commonwealth, I had been brought up to believe Great Britain was a promised land, a culture where the law was embedded in the national fabric. '' After the ruling by the Supreme Court Mrs Miller told reporters the ruling showed the government "will push the law, they will push the constitution and they will even bend it to get their own way". She was named as Britains' most influential black person and is a real role model. by Eve Photo Credit : AFP
From: St Osmunds
BREAKING NEWS ! On  Tuesday 24th September the Supreme Court ruled that our Prime Minister Boris Johnson's decision to suspend Parliament for five weeks was unlawful. This was a unanimous verdict and as we go to press, no one knows what will happen next. All we know is that Mr Johnson is flying back early from a UN summit in New York and parliament has now been re-opened. When he was in New York, the PM gave a speech saying he "refused to be deterred" from getting on with "an exciting and dynamic domestic agenda", and to do that he would need a Queen's Speech. The BBC reported that the PM said he "profoundly disagreed" with the ruling but would "respect" it. There have been calls for him to resign.  But as this is a completely historic moment, we have no idea what will happen in the upcoming days and weeks. Could there be a new election? Will Brexit happen on 31st October? Watch this space, as this exciting story unfolds.   By Maria and Elise
From: St Osmunds
Wa Lone, 33, and Kywan Soe Oo, 29, both award-winning journalists, have been released from a jail on the outskirts of Yangon, Myanmar in May after a sentence from the Official Secrets Agency in September 2017. The pair were released early, due to the amount of public protests and accusations about the country's reason for the supposedly "unjust" sentence. They spent over 500 days in prison. The pair was originally accused of "violating the country's Official Secrets Act" and were sentenced to nine years in jail. However, their imprisonment was seen as an "assault on press freedom" and many started questioning Myanmar's democracy. As the pair departed from the prison, Wa Lone vowed to continue his reporting and said that he was excited to return to work at the international news agency. "I am really happy and excited to see my family and colleagues again. I can't wait to go to my newsroom," he told reporters. Both journalists have families with young children. Wa Lone's wife only discovered that she was pregnant days after her husband's arrest. Wa Lone has only seen his daughter a few times on her visits to prison. Reuters' editor-in-chief said the reporters - who last month won the Pulitzer Prize for their work - had become "symbols" of press freedom. "We are enormously pleased Myanmar has released our courageous reporters," Stephen J Adler said. The journalist's case has been widely seen as a test of press freedom in Myanmar and the former political prisoner,  Aung San Su Kyi, has been ridiculed for defending the jailing of both journalists. Both men's families are over - joyed to have them home and despite some of their fears about the pair continuing reporting, they told the BBC that they are never going to stop supporting their newly - returned family members. More than 250 journalists are behind bars across the world, because of restrictions on freedom of expression and freedom of press. Turkey, for the second year running,  has been named the worst jailer with 68 journalists imprisoned. China came second with 47 while Egypt came third with 25. It is the journalist's role to tell the truth of what is happening to the world - and by exposing that truth, to hold power to account. But what if the risks of imprisonment (or worse) become too high?  
UK
From: Barnes
Sir David Attenborough has been awarded a Green Blue Peter badge and is overjoyed to be able to have one. After years of his documentaries, Sir David has received the badge for bringing the natural world springing to life and inspiring some young people to protect and care for the natural environment (he has already taken care of the environment himself). Having already achieved his Gold Blue Peter badge, he now has a Green Blue Peter badge. Surprisingly, these Green Blue Peter badges are made of plastic yogurt pots!!! Sir David Attenborough was over the moon when he received the Green Blue Peter badge and thanked Lindsey Russell, the Blue Peter badge presenter.
From: Barnes
After fourteen days of trying to find the new Prime Minister,we are now down to the last two candidates. With seventy-five points is Michael Gove. With seventy-seven points is Jeremy Hunt and with a whopping one hundred and sixty points is Boris Johnson. Sadly for Mr.Gove,he is now eliminated from the contest between the politicians. Although Mr.Johnson is in the lead, he is in a bad position because of the following: -His neighbor called the police because of the shouting coming from his house -It was evident that he forgot the name of the Muslim person during his argument All in all,the situation we are in as a country looks very unpredictable.
From: St Osmunds
With a general election coming up on 12th December, here's some information about the main parties and their pledges. Conservatives: The conservative party are split into two main groups: pro-brexit, and anti-brexit. Boris Johnson is part of the pro-brexit section, despite writing a huge article on why he thought brexit was a bad idea the day before the brexit referendum. In other words, he's going along with the public. Right now, Boris is claiming to add more police to the streets and more money to schools and hospitals. " only way of getting brexit done." Said Johnson after the Brexit deadline was delayed. Labour: Labour claim that their manifesto is to tackle climate emergency, end food banks in Britain and to rewrite the rules of economy so that it works for everyone - not just billionaires. They pledge to deliver a million genuinely affordable homes and a million climate jobs across every region and nation in the UK. Under certain conditions, Labour will hold a second referendum on Brexit. Liberal Democrats: The Liberal Democrats exist to build and safeguard a fair, free and open society, in which we seek to balance the fundamental values of liberty, equality and community, and in which no one shall be enslaved by poverty, ignorance or conformity.
From: Barnes
Unfortunately, within the next 15 years, 2 million Horse Chestnut trees could be wiped out in the UK, destroying the entire population of this tree in the UK. This is due to ravaging of moths and a tree disease spreading throughout Europe. Research shows that many Chestnut trees are filled with pests and diseases and many forest fires have wiped out a large number of them. The moths came to Southern England around 13 years ago and they have been wrecking the UK's population of Chestnuts since 2006.  Researchers tested the Chestnut trees survival skills and planted some trees that had been germinated and within three years the majority had died and by year five all of them had been wiped out. It turned out that the majority of the trees had been destroyed by moths and caterpillars. In addition, if chestnut trees were to be wiped out, then the UK Conker Championships would be destroyed, which means the amazing prize of £400,000 wouldn't be on offer. “It’s a bit of a concern but I think one of the biggest concerns is the human reaction to it. We’re quite keen to cut the trees down because they represent a bit of a danger to people with branches dropping off once the trees become ill," says John Burkett, one of the conker championship's organisers.
From: Barnes
The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge have announced their royal baby as Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor. He is now placed seventh in line to the throne and unlike his cousins' names, he doesn't have an official royal name. Historically, Archie was a contraction of the name 'Archibald' which means 'truly brave', but today Archie is a fully governed name. Archibald isn't the most common name today in the UK. In Scotland, Archie is the 3rd most popular name and is still 18th most popular name for boys in England and Wales and 147th most popular in the world.      
From: Barnes
Many things surround the Swedish teenager but one thing is for certain, she is polarising. Donald Trump compared the climate activist to the actor Kelly. When she spoke to the United Nations she told them that they had ruined her dreams and her childhood. Also, when she noticed Donald Trump walk into the room she certainly did not look in the slightest bit happy. While she was sharing her speech, Donald Trump was seen checking his watch, lying back in his seat and yawning just because he does not believe in climate change and thinks it is a load of rubbish that the scientists made up. Not many agree with him.
From: Barnes
Two brothers have been arrested in India, accused of fraud. Shivinder Singh and Malvinder Singh and former owners of a pharmacy giant, Ranbaxy, and current owners of a popular hospital chain. The Singh brothers were arrested by the economic offences wing of the Delhi police on Thursday evening. They have been charged with cheating, criminal conspiracy and criminal breach of trust. They do not agree with this, however. Their companies went down financially and couldn't pay their loans. The two brothers are expected to appear in court on Friday to defend their cases. The investigations have now been carried out and the brothers will stay in Tihar jail till 31st October and then will come out in judicial custody.
From: Barnes
 Why should we stop flying?  What's the fastest way to cut your greenhouse gas emissions?STOP FLYING! Currently, airplanes are also the worst transport when compared to other forms of transport in terms of the impact of greenhouse gases. Short flights are more harmful to the climate per mile than longer flights. This is because they have more empty seats. Flying takes a LOT of energy. Unfortunately, this means more Carbon Dioxide goes into the atmosphere. This is very BAD for the environment. Green house gases stop heat from escaping. This means Earth gets hotter and more species get wiped out.
From: Barnes
It's an amazing achievement when a celeb gets their first perfect dance. This year, celeb Kelvin Fletcher was the first of the 2019 cast to receive a perfect score for his 'practically perfect' Charleston to a song from 'Mary Poppins Returns' with his talented partner Oti Mabuse during the memorable Movie Week. But AJ (Saffron Barker's partner) has told the world of fans that he doesn't believe that judges should be allowed to give 10s on the stage. He says the top mark should be 9.5 as there's "always room for improvement". Lots of interviewers asked the judges about his comments, but they declined to comment. Next week being Halloween week, after Saffron and AJ's impeccable dance last week, it seems that they have a pretty decent chance of receiving a perfect ten for their spoooky jive this week.
From: Barnes
To celebrate books by Julia Donaldson, Royal Mail have created 10 new born stamps of the Gruffalo book! In 1999, her book was published. Surprisingly, six of the stamps are from the original tale and follow Mouse's journey through the deep dark wood, and the rest of the stamps are wonderful, new illustrations, by Axel Scheffler . In 2009, it was the most popular picture book and best bedtime story for children. It has being used in the theatre productions in the West End, Broadway and the Sydney Opera House, and it has been adapted into an Oscar nominated film! The story of this award winning book follows a mouse entering a deep, dark wood and escaping predators such as an owl, snake and fox by warning them of a mystical beast that will gobble them all up...the Gruffalo! Philip Parker from the Royal Mail said: "We are delighted that Axel Scheffler has taken us back to the deep, dark wood with his new illustrations of the much-loved characters." Get your stamps at Royal Mail now, £12.20 for the whole set!!!
From: Barnes
A library book has been returned 60 years late. The somewhat battered book, Cultures and Societies of Africa, had been borrowed from Cambridge University Library. The library promised to waive the fine, which based on today's rate of £1.50 a week would amount to almost £4,700.  It was returned to Bonneville and Laius College by a former student on Wednesday and taken to the main university library. In a tweet, the library wrote: "Better late than never", adding "suffice to say we evened the fine". "Must have been a great book - or a very slow reader?",they added. A spokesman said it was not clear whether the student had kept the book for so long "mistakenly or deliberately". However, it was still listed on the library's system as missing. The book has now been returned to the cataloguing department and will shortly be put back on the shelf.
From: Barnes
It’s not unusual for families to assume a child's personality long before the baby can even protest. To this day, many parents want to know the gender of their baby before it is born, as their rooms are often painted pink or blue, and  clothing and toys is purchased as well: princess dresses and tiaras for girls, blue dungarees and dinosaurs for boys. Whatever toys we use or clothes we wear, our baby and toddler years of life are important in the development of our personalities, supporting us through teenage years and even adulthood. Assigning gender has a powerful influence on our view of ourselves, our future hopes and our personal opinions of other items such as makeup or football. Fortunately, times are changing, and our generation are living in times when genders are becoming less restrictive, giving children the right to, for example, wear different clothes or play with different toys. Helping with this step up are Mattel, who just released a set of customizable gender neutral dolls. Unfortunately, the opinion of them is controversial. While some welcome 'the dolls of the future', others think that we should stick with barbies. "The only females in our house are mom, our dog Sadie and our cat, Bell.  That means we don’t have any dolls.  There are lots of balls and trucks and cars and Nerf guns scattered throughout the house and the yard.  When it comes to our kids' understanding gender issues, I want them to understand that gender is a matter of creation, not preference.  Human beings are created, and we are created as male or female.' Todd E. Brady is vice president for university ministries at Union University.
From: Barnes
Judith Kerr, the author and illustrator whose original story The Tiger Who Came to Tea introduced generations of pre-school children to reading and  enjoying books, has died at home at the age of 95. Her publisher said she'd had a short illness. Kerr, who dreamed up the tiger to amuse her two children, only started publishing in her 40s, and lived to see the book reach its millionth sale as she turned 94. Over a 50-year career she published more than 30 further books, immortalising a succession of family cats through the naughty but lovable Mog, and bringing to life her family’s flight across Europe as the Nazis came to power in the novel When Hitler Stole Pink Rabbit. 
From: Barnes
On the 3rd of May, it was Word Press Freedom Day. Around the world, hundreds of journalists are imprisoned for writing stories. The highest number is in Turkey. Zehra Doğan, a Kurdish journalist and painter, was taken to court and sentenced to be in prison for nearly three years for doing artwork of the Turkish military forces destroying Nusaybin,Turkey. Luckily, her story gained worldwide attention in 2018 after others drew a mural calling for her release. In jail, Zehra secretly published a newspaper and created materials to paint. Now released, she is determined to continue sharing stories and drawing pictures. Doğan is an artist and journalist from Diyarbakir, Turkey. She is the founder and editor of Jinha, a unique Kurdish news site with a female-only staff. In a now deleted tweet, Doğan wrote, “I was given two years and 10 months in prison only because I painted Turkish flags on destroyed buildings. However, the Turkish government caused this. I only painted it.” She also wrote,“This painting was worth my time in prison because I managed to show the reality of  Nusaybin.” Since her release, lots of twitter users have shown their friendship accompanied by hashtags like #TurkeyCrackdown, #TerroristTurkey, and #FreeTurkeyMedia.
From: Barnes
On the Samsung S10 anyone's fingerprint can unlock the phone. The phone was released in March 2019. Samsung promised to fix the software problem. The conundrum was noticed by a British woman whose husband managed to unlock her phone with his fingerprint when it was stored in a low quality case. At the time when the S10 was launched, in March, Samsung verified the fingerprint  system as "revolutionary". Though, it is more like revolutionarily bad! The British couple who discovered the security issue said it was a "real concern". Since buying a £2.70 gel screen protector on eBay, Lisa Neilson registered her right fingerprint and then found her left fingerprint, which was not registered, could also unlock the phone. It was found out on the 18 of October 2019. For some reason, the scanner on the phone sends ultrasounds to detect 3D ridges of  the user thumbprint to recognise the users finger. Samsung said they were aware of the case of S10's malfunctioning fingerprint recognition and will soon fix  the problem and  issue a software patch".  KaKao Bank told  S10 customers to switch off the fingerprint-recognition option to log in to its services until the issue was fixed.  
From: Barnes
Fatty tissue has been found in the lungs of overweight and obese people for the first time. Australian researchers analysed lung samples from 52 people and found the amount of fat increased in line with body mass index. They said their findings could explain why being overweight or obese increased asthma risk. Lung experts said it would be interesting to see if the effect could be reversed by weight loss. They found that it would only be possible if they lost 19kg in 2 days; around the loss of Tenzing Norgay in his voyage on mout Everest.
From: Barnes
Sadly a girl has died very recently after already having a problem with her lungs. Ella Kissi-Debrah was nine when she died on 4th July 2018. She died because of an asthma attack which her family and scientists believe had something to do with pollution. Videos show she already had problems with her breathing. Ella was shown in a video after getting out of a swimming pool. She was really struggling and was breathing very heavily. She was also breathing in pollution when ever she went out. An inquest is going to be held to decide if the pollution was to blame. I feel sorry for Ella because her tragic death wasn't even her fault. Pollution isn't a new problem. A long time ago, in the Victorian times, the streets of London were filled with air pollution known as smog.
From: Barnes
On the 24 of October Arsenal avoided a shock defeat to the Portugese team Vitoria Guimaraes. After ten minutes of domination Vitoria scored through old Tottenham Academy prospect, Marcus Edwards. 22 minutes later Arsenal equilised through Martinelli! 4 minutes later guess which team scored? It was Vitoria. So at half time the score was 2-1 to Vitoria! As the clock ticked, chances were coming and both teams had been lacking their shooting boots until Nicolas Pepe was brought on for Maitland Niles. And in the 80th minute Pepe scored a screamer of a free kick so it was 2-2. It was the last minute of stopage time and Dani Cellabos had just been fouled and then Pepe got ready to take, he started his run up and curled into the top corner which made it 3-2.
From: Barnes
Is it not awesome that the 22 year old, Simone Biles has won another gold medal at the World Gymnastics Championship? She is now creating history for herself! The 22-year-old says it means the world to her knowing that she has officially become famous, winning the 5th womens all around title in Stuttgart in Germany. This means she has become the first women to win the finals on the beam and floor; Is that not really amazing? Not only has the amazing gymnast won her 5th womens title, she also broke the world medal record. This means she has got the most medals ever, winning over 25 of them! Although Simone got off to a bad start at the Rio Olympics loosing her balance and falling off the beam, she still won Bronze medals and did not come down from having the worlds medal record. Never mind! Simone still won with the best bar routine ever, scoring a massive 15.066 on the beam. You may think that is not much but actually it is a great success! As well as all of this, Simone - to show off her talent even more - has just performed an incredible move on a tennis pitch before starting the game... she performed a triple back flip!    
From: Barnes
Now we're just waiting for the final. The semi finals saw Netherland's win 1-0 against Sweden. The goal was in the 99 minute{in extra time} by Groenen! England went out 1-2 against the favourites USA. Carly Press made it one nil to USA. Nine minutes later Ellen White made it one all. Then Alex Morgan made it 2-1.England had a goal disallowed and missed a penalty in the eighty second minute but had their heads held high. Sadly they couldn't win the third place play off against Sweden. Earlier,the USA's group was decided with the table set like this.1.USA 2.Sweden 3.Chile 4.Thailand and the fixtures go like this.  USA 13-0 Thailand and Sweden 2-0 Chile.Match Day 2. Sweden 5-1 Thailand and USA 3-0 Chile.Match day 3.USA 2-0 Sweden and Chile 2-o Thailand. Round of 16.Sweden 1-o Canada and USA 2-1 Spain.Thailand and Chile are out. My school did a World Cup draw and my class got Australia and Netherlands. With the Netherlands in the final we still have hope.