From: Barnes
One of the world's most renowned scientists, Stephen Hawking, has died at the age of 76. His was a theoretical physicist and studied at Cambridge University. He published a book called a Brief History of Time which sold over a million of copies. In 1963, Hawking contracted motor neurone disease and was given two years to live. At the time he was studying at  Cambridge University. Neverless he went on to become a brilliant researcher. At first, he was able to speak but when he grew older he was no longer able to speak. To control what he said he had a special machine with words and he scrolled down them with his eyes. The sound was actually a computer but people knew him for that voice so he decided it would be his. Hawking's discoveries included the fact that black holes could emit heat. His daughter said if you asked him any question about physics he would always have an answer.
From: St Osmunds
Prince Mohammed bin Salman arrived in the UK on the 7th of March. His official visit will last 3 days. The Crown Prince, who is heir to Saudi Arabia's 82-year-old King Salman, is making his first visit to the UK since taking up the role last year. Numerous decisions made by Prince Mohammed bin Salman, the country's youngest ruler, could finally revolutionise the lives of young women across Saudi Arabia for the better. Theresa May says that when see meets the Prince she will "be raising concerns about human rights", which will include those of women there.  Women have had very little to no rights in Saudi Arabia, and it's interesting that the prince will also be here on March 8th, which is celebrated internationally as World Women's Day. On the 12th of January this year, women all across Saudi Arabia were finally allowed to watch live football in sports arenas for the very first time in their history. Many went to watch their first matches in these major cities: Jeddah, Dammam and Riyadh. "My life wasn't the same after that" Manal Al-sharif explained to a local reporter when asked how it felt to be able to attend her first game. Women in Saudi were also only allowed to vote in general elections for the very first time in 2015. And, amazingly, until now, no woman has been allowed to drive. Only men are allowed licences and women who drove in public risked being arrested and fined. Saudi Arabia is, in fact,  the last country in the world where women aren't allowed to drive. But young Prince Salman has vowed to changed this, and there is talk that in June 2018 women will finally be allowed to drive unaccompanied by a male. Campaigner Sahar Nassif told a BBC journalist who interviewed her in Jeddah that she was "very, very excited - jumping up and down and laughing. I'm going to buy my dream car, a convertible Mustang, and it's going to be black and yellow!". But despite celebrating the success for female drivers, she said the next campaign would be to end guardianship laws (which dictates that all decisions women take must be approved by a man first), and get all Saudi women the freedom and equality they deserve. By : Amelie        
From: St Osmunds
Scientific research has just revealed that levels of obesity and illnesses associated with being overweight, are spiralling out of control. They are increasing every year and are putting the medical services, especially our NHS, under a lot of pressure. Obesity is a ticking time-bomb ready to explode.  Cancer Research UK, the Lancet Report, the World Health Organisation and the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation have all published their most recent findings and all have agreed : levels of obesity have nearly tripled since 1975 and by the end of 2017 it was estimated that more than 1.9 billion adults (over 18) were now overweight. By 2050 half of the world's population could be overweight. In fact, most of the world's population live in countries where being overweight and obese kills more people than being underweight. The country Nauru, located close to Papua New Guinea, is the most obese country in the world as 61% of its population is obese. The UK has the highest level of obesity in Western Europe, ahead of countries such as France, Germany, Spain and Sweden. More than 7 in 10 millennials – those born between the early 80s and mid 90s – are set to be overweight or obese between the ages of 35-44, according to estimates by Cancer Research UK. Numbers among children are also quite astonishing. 41 million children in the world under the age of 5 are overweight or obese, the research revealed. And over 340 million children and adolescents aged 5-19 were overweight world-wide in 2017. That's 1 in 9 children! NHS data from January 2018 shows that 9.6 per cent of children in the UK are dangerously overweight by the time they start school - an increase from 9.3 per cent the year before. By the time children reach the age of 10 and 11, 20% are obese and this will have massive consequences on their health and confidence as they start Secondary School.  Health campaigners said the figures were “horrifying” and that something needs to be done.  Most cases of obesity are, in fact, preventable. Here are some things that you can do to avoid being obese or overweight: Eat more fruit, vegetables, nuts, and whole grains. Exercise, even moderately, for at least 30 minutes a day.  Cut down your consumption of fatty and sugary foods. Use vegetable-based oils rather than animal-based fats Go out and enjoy fresh air as much as possible. Never feel ashamed, but stay informed and act now. -by Javier
From: St Osmunds
Did you know that the first ever circus was born in Britain 250 years ago? It was 1768 and every circus, anywhere, began at that moment. Philip Astley, who was born in 1742, was the father of the modern circus. He owned horses and loved to do acrobatics on them. One day in 1768 he simply drew out a ring in a corner on the southern side of Westminster Bridge in London and filled it with astonishing acts – tumblers, horses, acrobats, jugglers, clowns. Astley's wife Patty beat a big drum and that provided the music that attracted the crowds. Soon huge crowds gathered to watch all the tricks. One of Patty's best known tricks involved circling the ring on horseback with swarms of bees covering her hands and arms like a muff. That's how the first circus was born. Every circus, anywhere in the world, began at that moment. The anniversary of this most popular, Made-In-Britan art and entertainment form will be marked in 2018 by UK - wide celebrations. Museums, filmmakers, designers, theatres, orchestras, schools, library and circuses will all join in. The circus will be celebrated everywhere. These six Cities of Circus - Blackpool, Norwich, Bristol, London, Belfast and Derry and Newcastle -  will glitter with dazzling shows, amazing exhibitions,  remarkable festivals and breathtaking events. Make sure you join in the fun ! - By Bridget